Imported Koi from Japan and Butterfly Koi offer gentle personalities and exquisite colorings. Imported and butterfly koi share characteristic markings with splotches of white, red, gold, orange, yellow, blue, black, and cream. Butterfly Koi, sometimes called Long Fin Koi, have long fluttery fins.
Size: Up to 3 feet in length
Lifespan: 25-35 years
A Shubunkin is a type of goldfish with markings similar to Koi. Bred in England, a Shubunkin is known as “poor man’s koi” because of its affordability (compared to koi). Sometimes referred to as having calico colors, Shubunkins bear splashes of red, orange, yellow, brown, purple, gray, white, and black—all against a blue background. Small silvery scales resembling mother-of-pearl add sheen to the fish’s appearance.
Size: 6 to 16 inches in length
Lifespan: 15+ years
Comet goldfish were bred in America for their long, flowing tails and bright red-orange color blends. Most Comets have a mix of red-orange and white. Tails grow to be half the length of the body, adding an eye-catching feature to the fish’s appearance. Comets are a great fish for first-time water gardeners—they’re easy to please and extremely hardy.
Size: Up to 18 inches in length
Lifespan: Commonly 5-8 years, but up to 20+ years
CARING FOR YOUR FISH
Summer is the most active season for pond fish, when water temperatures are warm and plants are growing. Keep your fish healthy and colorful by providing the right diet in the right way.
+ Feed at the same time every day. Fish respond to a regular feeding routine by coming to the surface at feeding time.
+ Spread food over a wide area to ensure that smaller fish get a chance to eat. Choose dry food that dissolves slowly as it sinks, so that fish at all pond levels have an opportunity to nibble.
+ Pond fish survive on fish food, microorganisms in the water, and plants. Enhance microorganism levels by using pebbles and stones beneath the water level to provide a place for beneficial bacteria to live.
+ Goldfish don’t devour pond plants the way that Koi can. Koi like to feast on plant roots, so they’ll dig to unearth them. Protect pond plants by placing rocks on soil around their bases.
+ Summer Koi food should provide no more than 30 percent protein.
+ Provide fish as much high-protein food as they can eat in 5 minutes. Food not consumed
+ Observe fish while they feed to inspect them and reduce food waste.in the 5-minute window won’t be eaten, but will decay.
+ Koi prefer to feed several times a day. Feed at least twice a day, more frequently if your schedule permits.
+ Select food to enhance Koi and Shubunkin coloration. Foods high in carotene, such as plankton, krill, shrimp, and spirulina (a type of algae), create brighter reds and oranges.
+ To train Koi to feed from your hand, don’t toss food into the water. Hold it in your hand at the water’s edge and the fish will come.